Parents are children's first teachers. Parents' early introduction of Chinese characters to children can make it easier for children to enter the state in the later stage of learning Chinese. Below, Sinobus Chinese will share some experiences in teaching children Chinese characters at home:
Children's ability to learn language is actually very strong, and they have an advantage over adults in pronunciation. No matter learning Chinese or English, the first step is to speak, so when the child is in the language sensitive period, parents can speak Chinese to him repeatedly and encourage the child to speak Chinese. When learning Chinese, you should stop teaching your children English. Parents should also pay attention not to mix Chinese and English when talking to their children.
Parents can listen to some Chinese nursery rhymes, read Chinese stories, and read some Chinese books to their children from the age of one. At home, you can discuss various topics in Chinese with your children, such as science, hobbies, daily life, etc. Chatting is a very good opportunity for children to practice thinking and expressing in Chinese.
Our children communicate with teachers and classmates in English at school, and they will naturally speak Chinese with us when they return home. Sometimes they suddenly can't think of how to express a certain word, and I will ask how to translate it in Chinese. After a long time, the child's Chinese expression ability has improved a lot.
Of course, parents don't have to deliberately ask their children to speak Chinese at home, and follow their own interests. Don't make your child feel that learning Chinese is a stressful thing. Make him feel that speaking Chinese and English is as natural as eating Chinese and Western food.
1. Tell children Chinese stories
Children's interest in a certain language basically starts with stories, history, and music. If you want to teach your child Chinese at home, stories and books that expose him to Chinese are naturally indispensable. What stories to tell and what books to read depend on the age of the child.
1 to 2 years old: Children at this age often do not have the ability to grasp the logic of the story content, and it is more suitable to read some knowledge cards or story books based on pictures. Parents can use picture cards and picture story books to teach their children some basic verbs and nouns, or they can directly use real objects at home to teach basic Chinese vocabulary.
2 to 3 years old: Children at this stage can start to read some short stories, such as The Three Little Pigs. The story should not be too long or too complicated. It is better to finish it within 5 minutes, so that children can basically listen to it patiently.
3 to 4 years old: You can tell your child some stories with richer words and longer length. If the story is particularly long, mother can shorten it appropriately, and the child can also start to learn adjectives.
After 4 years old: At this time, you can read to your children according to the books. You can choose children's stories with anthropomorphic descriptions, which are very helpful for cultivating children's Chinese language sense.
2. Leverage Audiobooks
Audiobooks are also a very good auxiliary way to learn Chinese. Idiom stories, Journey to the West, and 365 Night Stories can all be given to children. If the child listens a lot, he will naturally learn the vocabulary in the story, and if it is a story he likes very much, he can retell some fragments.
3. Let children understand Chinese poems in accordance with the situation
Many children in China can recite Tang poetry, and the rhythm of the poems can also make children more interested in Chinese. Teaching Chinese children to recite poems is best combined with a certain situation, telling the children the meaning of the poems in everyday vernacular. For example, when children do not eat well, they can be taught "锄禾日当午", and when children are taking a bath, they can be taught "鹅鹅鹅，曲项向天歌", etc.
Chinese characters are divided into sounds, shapes, meanings and shapes. Chinese characters enlightenment starts with the simplest characters, and then increases the difficulty on the basis of learning the basic characters. The tools that can be used to teach children to recognize Chinese characters at home include: blackboards, general literacy cards, general Chinese books, and Qiaohu learn Chinese characters. The order of character recognition does not have to be completely in accordance with the book, children can learn what they are interested in first.
For children, pictographic characters are easier for them to remember. Mothers can refer to the teaching methods in Tiger Qiaohu. For example, the characters of "日、月、目、女、羊、田 "are all evolved from pictographs. Other words can be derived from the meaning, for example, "灭" means to cover the fire("火"), 沙 means a place with little (少) water, etc. Commonly used words such as 在, 不, 走, which have no obvious consonants or connotations, need to be repeatedly mentioned to the children.
The small blackboard can be used to consolidate the child's recognition of characters. After the child has learned some words in the book, the mother can choose a few words and write them on the blackboard for the child to recognize. The advantage of this is to interrupt the reminder of the child's memory, so that the child can really master the learned Chinese characters.
Books with many pictures are not recommended as the main teaching books, because the hints in the pictures are very obvious, and children will learn very quickly. Picture books can only be used as an auxiliary tool. Usually, it is better to show children some plain text. For example, when a mother is reading a storybook, she can stop at a certain point, and then let the child continue to read.
In the end, the ultimate goal of teaching children to recognize characters is to enable children to be able to write and read. The mother writes the words the child has learned into a few more interesting sentences, and can also play some "who, where, and doing what" games. Guide children to use Chinese. When a child finds Chinese useful, he will be more motivated to learn it.
Sino-bus Chinese was founded by Hanhe Cultural Technology Co., Ltd., headquartered in Shenzhen, China, with branches in Hong Kong, Xi'an, and Los Angeles, USA. The company focuses on providing systematic, formal and scientific Chinese training services for Chinese children aged 4-16. Welcome to consult.